HMAS Hobart History
There have been three previous ships to bear the name Hobart.
The first was the former French Sloop, Revenge 18, captured south of Sunda Strait by HMS Resistance 44 in October, 1794. She was added to the Royal Navy and renamed Hobart after Baron Hobart, the Earl of Buckinghamshire.
The first Hobart saw varied service in the East and completed her life in about 1801.
A second Hobart was commissioned by the Royal Navy during World War 1. She was a trawler requisitioned for service as a minesweeper.
The third Hobart was a light cruiser of 7,105 tonnes first commissioned as HMS Apollo for service with the Royal Navy in January, 1936.
On 6 October 1938, she was due to transfer to the Royal Australian Navy. Due to the mobilisation of the fleet during the Munich crisis, she was commissioned on 28 September 1938 as HMAS Hobart. She arrived in Australia at the end of 1939 and at the outbreak of war was on patrol and search duties in Bass Strait.
In October 1939, Hobart sailed for service in the Indian Ocean. She was ocean escort for the first contingent of the Australian Imperial Force from Colombo to the Middle East. She saw action in the Red Sea area and was present at the evacuation of Berbera.
In August 1941, Hobart joined the Mediterranean Fleet where she was engaged in support of the campaign in the Western Desert, the reinforcement of Cyprus, operations against Syria and in a series of Mediterranean sweeps as a unit of the British Battle Fleet.
With the entry of Japan into the war, Hobart transferred to the Far East and arrived in Malayan waters in January 1942. Hobart took part in the Coral Sea battle in May 1942, shooting down three enemy aircraft. She also participated in the attacks on Guadalcanal and Tulagi in the Solomon Islands. On 20 July 1943, the Hobart was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine and suffered damage and casualties.
In April 1945, Hobart covered the landings at Tarakan, Wewak, Brunei and Balikpapan. On August 31, she arrived in Tokyo Bay and was among the Australian ships present at the Japanese surrender ceremony.